What are the advantages and disadvantages of silk and hot stamping in T - shirt printing?
First of all, let's analyze the prints on the T - shirt. The popular print T - shirt pattern. In general, it can be divided into three kinds of process sources.
The first kind of silk screen printing is a relatively traditional and very mature technology.
Screen printing. We started the analysis before the press. Screen printing is to separate the design map according to the color. Through the process of making the plate, the separate colors are printed separately. So, most of the color needs to be made up of a screen. This is more common. It is also called a special color screen. Plate making needs to be made of film. The 45 line is generally used, use gauze mesh 100--135 mesh. In addition, there is a CMYK four color printing, which is to split the whole pattern into four original colors. Through the principle of color stack, the film is from 55 to 65. About 300 mesh gauze mesh. In view of different patterns, different color separation methods are used to realize screen printing. The higher the fineness, the higher the reduction of the pattern. The more meticulous the color is. The degree of reduction is also higher. This is prepress preparation. So this more, the higher the cost. The more the color, the higher the cost.
In the process of printing. Printing will make the choice of printing materials according to the different color of the bottom shirt and different prints. It can be divided into several categories. The first is water slurry printing. The color you need to print is to cover the color of the T-shirt bottom. This can be achieved. Water color can be used as a reference. On the white paper, it is possible to draw any color, but on the black paper, the watercolor pen makes the color of the canvas. Unable to show. Similarly, deep colors can be achieved on light colored clothes, but it will involve a process of color changing and color changing. For example, drawing blue on yellow clothes will turn green.
Water printing is good, soft, very good permeability. The pigment is adhered to the cotton fiber through solid pulp (resin composition) and the cloth has a transparent pattern. But the shortage of water slurry printing is only in light colored clothes. When you wear it for a long time, the color of the pattern will decline. What if we meet dark colored fabrics? So it can only cover the color of the bottom of the cloth, and it needs a kind of filling ability.
Second, paste printing.
Paste printing can be compared to oil painting. The printed coating is a glue. This is the ability to cover. Because the slurry is made of titanium white powder combined with polyurethane. It's like oil painting. It can be graffiti anywhere on any canvas. So the glue printing can be used for all T-shirts. No matter what the color of the shirt is, it has no effect on the printing of the glue. The ability to restore the color of the whole pattern. Since the slurry is filled with a stuffed texture, it involves air permeability. Because the glue is printed, there will be a layer of colloid. So it is not suitable for large area block printing. If you want to have water permeability, but also need to do printing on dark fabric on how to do?
Third, pull out.
The color of the cotton cloth is dyed. The principle of drawing it is to destroy the dyeing of the cloth itself, and then dye it with its own color. After pulling out do not have printing, mucilage colloid feeling, like water like, soft, breathable, but also in the dark fabric do. The shortcoming is that the cost is high and the loss is relatively large. Screen printing, can also do a lot of other special printing process, combined with design, can make a lot of fun special effects. For example, night light, light, fluorescent, pearlite, thick plate, suede foaming, flocking, light color, temperature change, various laser, seven color reflective and so on. Silk screen printing and other products are not mentioned before.
Second kinds of craft are unveiled. Hot stamping. Transfer printing is printing, we said, sublimation transfer printing division, heat transfer.
Sublimation is the pattern image print to dye sublimation paper above, and then transferred to the cloth by high temperature. Sublimation only for polyester fabric, TC fabric (fabric or TC is only more than 65% polyester cotton). The print is not required on board this piece.
Print, a little high plane. This mass can do, is the pattern of mirror board, after printing to film, a layer of hot melt adhesive, and then the pattern of hot to the clothes on the clothes, we mark size, most of them are used to do this. It's basically the same as the silk screen. In the end point, PU is the mainstream press, Roland machine spray Japan carved machine, directly to the pattern print to PU film, with a weak soluble ink. When the pattern is printed, the pattern is engraved. This can be a small mass customization. The pattern can also be hollowed out.
The third is the most low-end, with EPSON printer with the transfer paper, divided into light dark transfer paper, transfer paper, this can be done at home, made out of print, a large chunk of the Bia in the body. It's very difficult. The only good thing is to do it at home. Very cheap。
Hangzhou FY Textile Digital Printing Co., Ltd
Add: 4th Floor Gaoshida, Xinhua Village, Ningwei Town, Xiaoshan District, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China
Contact us: Solar Bao